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Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

1824 - 1903

The following paintings by Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch are for sale

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch, depicter of Dutch unspoiled landschapes

Hendrik Johannes (J.H.) Weissenbruch (1824) painted the Dutch landscape. He was the undisputed master of clouds, which were characterized by a remarkable freshness. He did not shy away from using – as contemporary artist Robert Zandvliet put it – ‘clean-pants white’, which he used to create light in his work. J.H. Weissenbruch hailed from a family of artists, a number of whom were very gifted. Works by Schelfhout and Van Hove adorned the walls of his childhood home. He was a cheerful and popular man and artist, and was known at Pulchri Studio and by Vincent van Gogh, for example, as the ‘Vrolijke Weis’ (Cheerful Weis).

The path to the Hague School

Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch’s transformation into one of the most influential artists of the Hague School was a very gradual one. In the 1840s he was taught by the now almost forgotten Johannes Löw, a painter from Gelderland, and Bartholomeus Johannes van Hove, scenographer and painter of The Hague cityscapes. It is often thought that Andreas Schelfhout – an authority on landscapes at that time – had a hand in Weissenbruch’s training, but following the advice of his friend Bosboom, he chose to pursue his own path.
Initially, Weissenbruch’s paintings were very much in the romantic style; the influence of Ruysdael, Van Hove, and Schelfhout is quite unmistakeable. The light pastel-coloured golden yellows, the wide and captivating panoramas, with lush trees under high skies. However, this later made way for fresh Dutch skies, such as those after a refreshing downpour. What he previously sought to explore in panoramas, he now discovered in focused depictions of the expansive Dutch polder landscape with its rivers, canals, and ditches. During the 1880s he gained public recognition with his landscape impressions dominated by space, light, and sky.

Watercolours

Weissenbruch was a passionate watercolourist. In 1866 he became a member of the Société Belge des Aquarellistes in Brussels, and in 1876 of its counterpart in The Hague, the Hollandsche Teekenmaatschappij. Both associations sought to promote the recognition of watercolour as a work of art in its own right by organizing annual exhibitions at which people could buy watercolour paintings. To a large extent, Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch had these exhibitions to thank for the tremendous popularity of his watercolours from the 1880s onwards. Critics praised the smoothness, insouciance, and elation that they seemed to display. However, nothing could be further from the truth. Weissenbruch often toiled endlessly with his watercolours. He would sometimes keep them in his portfolio for a long time so that he could continue working on them later. This habit, and the fact that he rarely dated his work, makes it difficult to produce a chronology of his work.

The discovery of Noorden

Initially, Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch only painted the surroundings of The Hague, Haarlem, and Arnhem. From the 1860s onwards he turned his attention to landscapes near Boskoop, Gouda, Delft, and Schiedam. After 1875, the artist often spent time in the company of other painters of the Hague School in the wetlands of the Nieuwkoopse Plassen and Noorden. It was here that he found everything that he had spent so long searching for; for Weissenbruch, Noorden felt like coming home. Towards the end of his life he also spent a lot of time in Houten in the province of Limburg.

Barbizon

Until 1900, Weissenbruch had never left the country. In 1900, at the age of 76, he picked up the courage to do so and visited the village of Barbizon in France, home to the greats of the school of the same name, such as Jean-François Millet. J.H. Weissenbruch’s works are on display in many museums, including the Gemeentemuseum Den Haag, the Rijksmuseum, the Dordrechts Museum, Museum de Fundatie, Boymans van Beuningen, and many others.

Previously for sale

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Rustende koeien bij een hooiberg

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Rustende koeien bij een hooiberg »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Koeien bij een poldervaart

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Koeien bij een poldervaart »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Poldervaart met man in een roeiboot

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Poldervaart met man in een roeiboot »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Knotwilgen

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Knotwilgen »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Een mosselsteker op een pier

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Een mosselsteker op een pier »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Windmolens in een polderlandschap

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Windmolens in een polderlandschap »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Koeien in een polderlandschap

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Koeien in een polderlandschap »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Windmolen bij Dekkersduin

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Windmolen bij Dekkersduin »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Vissersschepen op zee

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Vissersschepen op zee »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Grazende schapen bij een boerderij

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Grazende schapen bij een boerderij »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Koe in een weids landschap

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Koe in een weids landschap »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Bomschuit op zee

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Bomschuit op zee »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Langs een winterse vaart bij Noorden

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Langs een winterse vaart bij Noorden »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Rider on a towpath near Noorden

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Rider on a towpath near Noorden »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Ruiters op het jaagpad bij Noorden

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Ruiters op het jaagpad bij Noorden »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | De Teuntjesbrug bij Nieuwkoop

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

De Teuntjesbrug bij Nieuwkoop »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Polderlandschap

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Polderlandschap »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Aan het strand

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Aan het strand »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | Figuren aan de bosrand

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

Figuren aan de bosrand »

No longer available Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch | De witte wolk

Hendrik Johannes Weissenbruch

De witte wolk »